by Patrick-James

The 2nd Amendment

"A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the
people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed."

Second Amendment, United States Constitution

"The right of the Citizen to keep and bear arms has justly been considered as the
palladium of the liberties of a Republic since it offers a strong moral check against the
usurpation and arbitrary powers of rulers."

Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story

"Arms in the hands of the Citizens may be used at individual discretion for the defense
of the country, for private self-defense, or for the overthrow of tyranny."

John Adams

"If the representatives of the people betray their constituents, then there is no resource
left but in the exertion of that original right of self-defense which is paramount to all
positive forms of government, and which against the usurpations of the natural rulers
may be exerted with infinitely better prospect of success than against those of the
rulers of an individual State.  In a single State, if the persons entrusted with supreme
power become usurpers, the different parcels, subdivisions, or districts of which it
consists, having no distinct governments in each, can take no regular measures for
defense.  The Citizens must rush tumultuously to arms, without concert, without system,
without resource; except in their courage and despair."

Alexander Hamilton, Federalist Paper #28

"The Constitution preserves the advantage of being armed, which Americans possess
over the people of almost every other nation where the governments are afraid to trust
the people with arms."

James Madison

"Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe and preserve order in
the world as well as property.  Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding
deprived the use of them."

Thomas Paine

Perhaps the words contained in the Second Amendment to the United States
Constitution have been subject to more misinterpretation, misunderstanding, and
mis-communication to the American people, than any other part of the Constitution or
its Amendments, before or after its ratification.  Originally intended to be the Fifth
Amendment, the right of the people to keep and bear arms was thought by the framers
of our Constitution to be of sufficient importance that they ended up making it second
only to the protection of the right to free speech, right to assembly and freedom of
religion.  In today's America, however, government officials - your public servants -
suggest that the Second Amendment is outmoded and unnecessary.  They suggest
that in modern times the need to keep and bear arms is less important than it was
during the birth of America.

Through the use of countless polls, statistics, and other government generated
reports, you are told that America has a terrible crime problem; that there are criminals
in every walk of life, people who will not hesitate to take what is yours. You are told that
the only way to stop this criminal behavior is to initiate and enforce rigid gun control
laws, taking your guns away so that you cannot defend yourself against attack.  In
other words, taking guns out of the hands of Americans is the only way to protect those
same Americans from the terrible crime problem that exists in our country.  Does that
make any sense at all?

These same government officials would have you believe that the Second Amendment
was originally written to combat crime.  This is patently untrue, as can be seen from the
Preamble to the Bill of Rights.

The conventions of a number of the States having at the time of their adopting the
Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its
powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added:  And as
extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best insure the
beneficent ends of its institution.

Preamble to the Bill of Rights

During the time leading up to the American Revolution, British soldiers were coming to
take the guns out of the hands of the American colonists.  That single action by the
British is what prompted the first shot of the Revolutionary War, because the American
colonists refused to give up their guns.

Historically, every society in which guns have been taken out of the hands of the
general population, has moved in the direction of totalitarianism and dictatorship.  
Common examples include Stalinist Russia, Hitler's Germany and Italy under Mussolini;
however, this pattern of totalitarian rule goes back to the times of the Caesars in
ancient Rome.  Even further back in time, in ancient Egypt, the common people were
never permitted to own the weapons that the military possessed.

In America, however, a new experiment for self-government was forged.  The people
would bear arms so that if the government attempted to encroach upon the rights of
the people - as governments tend to do - and to oppress and repress them, then as a
last and final resort against such government tyranny, the people would retain their
God-given right to bear arms in protection of life limb, family and property.  This is the
spirit on which America was founded.  The people raised up arms against the
tyrannical British government and said, "No more."

The above information came from Brent-Avory..Johnsons' book, The Sovereign
American".  You may obtain it thru "Freedom Bound International".  Again, I am barely
touching the information that is contained in Brents book.  

There are many other books that cover the second amendment and the right to keep
and bear arms.  A couple are, The Second Amendment Primer by Les Adams, printed
by the Palladium Press, Bostons Gun Bible, Author Boston T. Party, The Right to Keep
and Bear Arms, Author, Charles A. Weisman.

These are just a few that can be obtained thru "Freedom Bound International".   Also
there are many organizations that are pro gun like the NRA, Texas State Rifle Assoc.,
Gun Owners of America, etc.  Below are links to many of the Websites.  I am sure you
will enjoy them all.

Conclusion to the Opinion of the Attorney General  of the United States of America on
the Second Amendment as reported on August 4, 2004.


For the foregoing reasons, we conclude that the Second Amendment secures an
individual right to keep and to bear arms. Current case law leaves open and unsettled
the question of whose right is secured by the Amendment. Although we do not address
the scope of the right, our examination of the original meaning of the Amendment
provides extensive reasons to conclude that the Second Amendment secures an
individual right, and no persuasive basis for either the collective-right or
quasi-collective-right views. The text of the Amendment's operative clause, setting out
a "right of the people to keep and bear Arms," is clear and is reinforced by the
Constitution's structure. The Amendment's prefatory clause, properly understood, is
fully consistent with this interpretation. The broader history of the Anglo-American right
of individuals to have and use arms, from England's Revolution of 1688-1689 to the
ratification of the Second Amendment a hundred years later, leads to the same
conclusion. Finally, the first hundred years of interpretations of the Amendment, and
especially the commentaries and case law in the pre-Civil War period closest to the
Amendment's ratification, confirm what the text and history of the Second Amendment

National Rifle Association


Texas State Rifle Association

Gun Owners of America